Nicolás Violante, Alban Gauthier, Stavros Diolatzis, Thomas Leimkühler, George Drettakis

Paper Project Website



Recent work has demonstrated that Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) can be trained to generate 3D content from 2D image collections, by synthesizing features for neural radiance field rendering. However, most such solutions generate radiance, with lighting entangled with materials. This results in unrealistic appearance, since lighting cannot be changed and view-dependent effects such as reflections do not move correctly with the viewpoint. In addition, many methods have difficulty for full, 360◦ rotations, since they are often designed for mainly front-facing scenes such as faces We introduce a new 3D GAN framework that addresses these shortcomings, allowing multi-view coherent 360◦ viewing and at the same time relighting for objects with shiny reflections, which we exemplify using a car dataset. The success of our solution stems from three main contributions. First, we estimate initial camera poses for a dataset of car images, and then learn to refine the distribution of camera parameters while training the GAN. Second, we propose an efficient Image-Based Lighting model, that we use in a 3D GAN to generate disentangled reflectance, as opposed to the radiance synthesized in most previous work. The material is used for physically-based rendering with a dataset of environment maps. Third, we improve the 3D GAN architecture compared to previous work and design a careful training strategy that allows effective disentanglement. Our model is the first that generatea variety of 3D cars that are multi-view consistent and that can be relit interactively with any environment map


      author       = {Violante, Nicolás and Gauthier, Alban, and Diolatzis, Stavros and Leimkühler, Thomas and Drettakis, George},
      title        = {Physically-Based Lighting for 3D Generative Models of Cars},
      journal      = {Computer Graphics Forum (Proceedings of the Eurographics Conference)},
      number       = {2},
      volume       = {43},
      month        = {April},
      year         = {2024},
      url          = {}